Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health
Coming of age - adolescent health
24 September 2018 -- The world now has more young people than ever before – of the 7.2 billion people worldwide, over 3 billion are younger than 25 years, making up 42% of the world population. Around 1.2 billion of these young people are adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years. Adolescence is a critical time of life. It is a time when people become independent individuals, forge new relationships, develop social skills and learn behaviours that will last the rest of their lives. It can also be one of the most challenging periods. "Coming of age" examines these issues facing adolescents.
18 September 2018 – An estimated 6.3 million children under 15 years of age died in 2017, or 1 every 5 seconds, mostly from preventable causes, according to new mortality estimates released by WHO, UNICEF, the United Nations Population Division and the World Bank Group. The vast majority of these deaths – 5.4 million – occurred in the first 5 years of life, with newborns accounting for around half. Globally, half of all deaths under 5 years of age took place in sub-Saharan Africa, and another 30% in Southern Asia. In sub-Saharan Africa, 1 in 13 children died before their fifth birthday. In high-income countries, that number was 1 in 185.
13 September 2018 – Home-based records have been widely implemented for decades. They are currently in use in at least 163 countries. They vary greatly in their design and content across countries and regions. However, the evidence of their benefits and harms has not been systematically reviewed and summarized. This guideline seeks to address this gap by reviewing the evidence of the effects of home-based records on maternal, newborn and child health outcomes and health service delivery outcomes.
Child health review considers the best country strategies to help each child survive and thrive
30 July 2018 -- The BMJ in partnership with WHO and UNICEF have launched a special collection of articles that explore how to achieve ambitious child health goals to safeguard the health and wellbeing of children across the world. The collection shares findings from a review of two leading global child health strategies, examines previous and current best practices and considers future needs when rethinking global and national child health programmes. It also aims to stimulate discussion and exchange between stakeholders at global, regional, and national levels, and provide a basis for policy and strategy changes at global and national level.
3 in 5 babies not breastfed in the first hour of life
At the beginning of World Breastfeeding Week, 1-7 August, WHO and UNICEF report that an estimated 78 million babies – or 3 in 5 – are not breastfed within the first hour of life, putting them at higher risk of death and disease and making them less likely to continue breastfeeding. The report analyzed data from 76 countries, and found that despite the importance of early initiation of breastfeeding, too many newborns are left waiting too long for reasons including: feeding newborns food or drinks, including formula; the rise in elective C-sections; and gaps in the quality of care provided to mothers and newborns
Investing in early childhood development is one of the best investments a country can make to boost economic growth, promote peaceful and sustainable societies, and eliminate extreme poverty and inequality. Equally important, it is necessary to uphold the right of every child to survive and thrive. Recognising this WHO, UNICEF, and the World Bank, in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, the Early Childhood Development Action Network, have today launched a Nurturing care framework for early childhood development at the 71st World Health Assembly. The Framework was developed through a global consultation involving contributions from over 1000 individuals from 111 countries.
5 May is International Day of the Midwife 2018. This year the focus is on quality of care. All women and newborns have a right to a quality of care that enables a positive childbirth experience that includes respect and dignity, a companion of choice, clear communication by maternity staff, pain relief strategies, mobility in labour and birth position of choice. Evidence shows us that midwives educated and regulated to international standards can provide 87% of the needs of all women and newborns, and that continuity of midwife-led care increases maternal satisfaction and prevents pre-term birth by 24%.
WHO Guidelines on maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health - View all
WHO's work on maternal and newborn health
- Improving quality of care for mothers and newborns
- Every Newborn Action Plan
- Publications, technical guidance on Zika virus
- Data on maternal and newborn health
WHO's work on child health
- Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)
- Ending preventable child deaths from pneumonia and diarrhoea by 2025
- Nurturing care for early childhood development: a framework for action and results
- HIV and infant feeding
- Data on child health
WHO's work on adolescent health.
- !NEW! A web platform to monitor Global standards for quality health-care services for adolescents
- What is the global situation of adolescent health?
- WHO's response: Global Accelerated Action for the Health of Adolescents (AA-HA!)
- Making every school a health promoting school
- Adolescents sexual and reproductive health
- Adolescent health fact sheet
- Data on adolescent health
Improving maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health through evidence based guidelines and guidance.
Quality of care means safe, effective, timely, efficient, equitable and people-centred health care.
- More on what we mean by quality of care
Quality of Care Network
- Quality midwifery care for mothers and newborns
- HIV and infant feeding in emergencies: operational guidance
- Newborn health in humanitarian settings field guide
WHO recommendations: non-clinical interventions to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections
Levels and trends in child mortality report 2018
WHO recommendations on home-based records for maternal, newborn and child health
HIV and infant feeding in emergencies: operational guidance
Nurturing care for early childhood development: a framework for helping children survive and thrive to transform health and human potential
Quality, equity, dignity: the network to improve quality of care for maternal, newborn and child health – strategic objectives
- Causes of death among children under 5
- Causes of death among adolescent
- Monitoring Visualization Tool for the Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD)
- Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health policy indicators
- Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030) data portal
Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA)
World Health Organization
20 Avenue Appia
1211 Geneva 27
Tel.: +41 22 791 3281
Fax: +41 22 791 4853
Factsheets and multimedia
- Maternal mortality fact sheet
- Newborn mortality fact sheet
- Child mortality fact sheet
- Adolescent health fact sheet